Java first came into the picture in the 1990s, and James Gosling and his team are credited for writing the code of Java. It was first called Oak, and it was written to run in multiple devices like remote controls, television sets, etc. Initial development was done on the campus of Sun Microsystem. After Oracle’s acquisition of sun microsystem, Java is maintained by Oracle. Over a period of time, Several java runtimes have been developed by different organizations.
The main philosophy behind the designing of Java programming language was “write once and run anywhere” which means the language need not depend on any platform instead would run on Java virtual machine.
|Compiled programming language||Interpreted scripting language|
|Static type checking||Dynamic type checking|
|Best in concurrency programming||Supports concurrency via the event loop|
|Class-based hierarchy||Prototypal based hierarchy|
|Front end development in Java is declining, and it is no more quite popular for front-end UI programming.||Initially was released to enhance the web interaction; thus over the years has become the popular choice for front-end UI programming.|
|Used in large enterprise applications, android apps, Scientific computing, embedded programming, Big Data analytics, and most of the middle tier programming architecture.||Mostly used for front-end but making way into cloud programming, mobile app programming. Nodejs has gained popularity for performing certain tasks in the cloud environment and as a package manager.|